Treatments for Eye Conditions: What You Need to Know About Amblyopia
There are a number of eye and vision problems that can affect individuals of all ages. Among these is amblyopia. As a full-service eye care practice, Dr. Robert Gerowitz, Optometrist PC also specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of amblyopia. Read on to learn more about this condition.
What is Amblyopia?
Also known as lazy eye, it is a vision development disorder wherein an eye fails to achieve normal visual acuity despite the use of prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses. The condition begins during early childhood, and in some cases, as early as infancy. Typically, only one eye is affected. However, the compromised visual acuity may occur in both eyes. It is estimated that at least 2% of the U.S. population have amblyopia.
Symptoms and Types of Amblyopia
As amblyopia can begin during infancy, symptoms are sometimes difficult to notice. However, there are red flags that parents may wish to check out for:
- Eye crossing or other apparent eye misalignment
- Crying or fussing when one eye is covered
The causes of amblyopia may vary depending on the type of the condition, which are the following:
- Strabismic amblyopia: This the most common type and cause of amblyopia. To avoid the double vision caused by the misaligned eye, the brain tends to ignore the visual input from that eye, which then makes that eye a “lazy eye”.
- Refractive amblyopia: When the condition is caused by unequal vision in the two eyes despite perfect alignment, one of the eyes may become a lazy eye.
- Deprivation amblyopia: This is caused by “light deprivation.” When something prevents light from entering a child’s eye, such as a congenital cataract, normal visual development may be hindered, causing amblyopia
Treatment for Amblyopia
Amblyopia treatment varies depending on the cause or type of the condition.
For strabismic myopia, a strabismus surgery meant to straighten the misaligned eye may be performed, followed by eye patching and/or vision therapy. In refractive myopia, normal vision may be achieved by fully correcting the refractive errors in both eyes with the use of eyeglasses or contact lenses. In some cases, patching may also be needed. For deprivation amblyopia, the cause of the light obstruction must be addressed.
Stop Amblyopia Before It Gets Worse. Schedule an Eye Exam Today!
If amblyopia or lazy eye is diagnosed and treated early in life, reduced vision can be prevented. If you suspect that your child are showing symptoms of amblyopia, have them checked by a certified eye doctor immediately. Dr. Robert Gerowitz is experienced in checking and treating children, giving you the peace of mind that your child is in good hands.
Call us today at (847) 705-7777 or leave us a message through our online contact form to schedule an eye exam.