Myopia, more popularly referred to as nearsightedness, is a refractive error that usually develops during your childhood. You may have problems seeing distant figures clearly while your close-range vision remains in good shape. For your understanding, let Dr. Robert Gerowitz, Optometrist, PC, your corneal refractive therapy specialist, discuss this condition in detail.
The exact reason behind myopia development remains unknown. That said, heredity is considered as one of its major risk factors. If both your parents are nearsighted, for example, you are likely to be nearsighted yourself. Some studies also suggest that doing close work habitually, such as reading books, may cause eye fatigue, which may increase your risk of having myopic eyes.
Inborn structural irregularities, particularly an unusually long eyeball, is another contributing factor to having nearsightedness. Research conducted by the University of Houston also reveals a link between progressive myopia and impaired retinal functions. According to your trusted eye care center, those of Asian descent are commonly affected by this refractive error as well.
Ways to Prevent Its Progression
One of the best ways to prevent myopia progression is to visit your reliable optometrist for a comprehensive eye exam regularly. We may have you undergo certain tests to measure your current visual acuity and confirm this refractive error. Once we have established that you are nearsighted, we may then explain your eyes’ current condition and our suggested management. For one, we advise practicing good visual habits, such as ensuring adequate lighting whenever you’re reading or doing close work.
You should also rest your eyes every 20 minutes. You can do so by looking 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds. We may prescribe OrthoK molds as well, which are specifically designed to be worn while you sleep. They gently reshape your eyes through the night, so you can wake up to improved eyesight. Their results usually last a whole day long without requiring you to use prescription eyewear.
If you have any further questions about myopia and our treatment options, call us at (847) 453-3700. You may also complete our form to schedule an appointment. We serve IL families in Palatine and nearby Illinois areas.