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Corneal Dystrophy

Meibography Can Ensure Better Diagnosis for Meibomian Gland Dysfunction

Dry eye is a common ocular condition that can occur for a variety of reasons. A leading cause of dry eye, however, is Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD); it affects the essential oil layer of the eye’s tear film, causing tears to evaporate too quickly.

In fact, more than 85% of patients who visit their eye doctor due to dry eye symptoms are diagnosed with Meibomian Gland Dysfunction. MGD is a chronic condition that, when left untreated, can worsen overtime.

For optimal treatment, you first need to be properly diagnosed. Meibography is a non-invasive screening tool that accurately diagnoses MGD and enables your eye doctor to provide effective treatment to relieve dry eye symptoms.

What Is Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD)?

Meibomian glands are located in both your upper and lower eyelids, where they produce complex oily fluid that stabilizes the tear film and slows the evaporation of your tears. This allows the tears to keep your cornea well lubricated for comfortable and clear vision.

When the meibomian glands are either blocked or don’t function optimally, the lipid (fatty) layer of your tear film isn’t rich enough to keep your eyes moist. This causes a rapid evaporation of tears and results in friction between the cornea and eyelids.

Diagnosing Meibomian Gland Dysfunction

If your eyes feel itchy and scratchy, you may have dry eye disease. Visit Dr Robert Gerowitz, Optometrist PC, who will perform a thorough clinical exam using a meibography device that utilizes high-definition imaging technology. This allows your eye doctor to view the health of your meibomian glands with optimum accuracy. The screening process is quick, efficient, non-invasive and absolutely painless.

How Does Meibography Work?

A meibography visualizes the morphology of the meibomian glands through a series of high-definition digital images. The images allow the eye doctor to observe the architecture of the glands by revealing the gland size, structure, and any structural abnormalities.

Diagnosing MGD with certainty and clarity allows the eye doctor to prescribe the most appropriate treatment to alleviate your painful symptoms.

Can Meibomian Gland Dysfunction Be Treated?

Yes. After diagnosis, your eye doctor will choose from a variety of treatments available.

The earlier MGD is detected, the better. If not treated early on, it can cause corneal damage and even vision loss. If you feel eye irritation and suspect you have MGD, contact Dr Robert Gerowitz, Optometrist PC today to schedule your appointment.

Dr Robert Gerowitz, Optometrist PC serves patients from Palatine, Buffalo Grove, Lake Zurich, and Arlington Heights, throughout Illinois.

Request A Dry Eye Appointment
Do You Think You Have Dry Eye? Call 844-941-3937

What Is Lagophthalmos hero

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What Is Lagophthalmos?

Lagophthalmos refers to the incomplete closure of the eyelids and can produce symptoms similar to dry eye syndrome, such as dry, itchy, watery eyes. In extreme cases, it can cause corneal ulcers.

There are several types of lagophthalmos, ranging from mild to severe. Common symptoms include:

  • Increased tearing
  • Dryness
  • Irritation
  • The sensation that something is stuck in the eye
  • Blurred vision
  • Eye pain, especially in the morning

A visit with Dr. Robert Gerowitz can determine if lagophthalmos is causing or contributing to your dry eye symptoms.

Types of Lagophthalmos

grayscale photo of woman covering her face by her handBlink Lagophthalmos

When the eyelids don’t fully close during a blink, this is called “blink lagophthalmos.” Blinking keeps the eyes lubricated by spreading the tear film evenly along the eyes’ surface. An incomplete blink can lead to dry spots on the eye and other uncomfortable dry eye symptoms. Colliding eyelashes or tasks that require a high level of focus (such as working on a computer) can contribute to blink lagophthalmos.

Nocturnal Lagophthalmos

Nocturnal lagophthalmos occurs during sleep, so people with this condition may be unaware they have it. One common cause of this type of lagophthalmos is a decrease in fatty tissue behind the eyeball. Less cushioning causes the eye to sink further into the socket, making it more difficult for the lids to completely close. The fatty tissue can deteriorate for several reasons, including the presence of an autoimmune disease.

Paralytic Lagophthalmos

Paralytic lagophthalmos results from a paralyzed cranial nerve, thus preventing the eyelids from complete closure. Paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve can be caused by Bell’s palsy, tumors, or trauma.

Iatrogenic lagophthalmos

This is when the eyes can’t fully close due to medical treatment. Medical procedures that can cause lagophthalmos include Botox injections and sutures near the eye.

How Your Eye Doctor Can Help

There are several ways to treat lagophthalmos, and sometimes surgery may be necessary. It’s best to first visit Dr. Robert Gerowitz to pinpoint the cause of your symptoms and try the least invasive and safest treatments before resorting to surgery. If left untreated, lagophthalmos can result in corneal damage.

If you’re experiencing dry eye symptoms of any kind, an eye exam at Dr Robert Gerowitz, Optometrist PC can help determine the underlying condition so that a tailor-made treatment plan can provide long-lasting relief. Dry eye relief extends far beyond the options available at your local drugstore. The friendly staff at Dr Robert Gerowitz, Optometrist PC make it their mission to provide the highest quality care for their patients. Get the relief you seek — book your appointment today.

Request A Dry Eye Appointment
Do You Think You Have Dry Eye? Call 844-941-3937
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